"If they give you ruled paper, write the other way." - Juan Ramon Jimenez
keep the ball rolling - to continue the progress of an activity, project, plan, etc.
The teacher said that we should keep the ball rolling on our project.
You have done excellent job so far, Jane! You just need to keep the ball rolling.
Did you know ...
The English word "paper", originates from the word "papyrus", an Egyptian word that actually means "that which belongs to the house" (the bureaucracy of ancient Egypt).
The ancient Egyptians discovered the need for a writing material other than stone to transcribe upon. They found this in their papyrus plant, a triangular reed which grows in the Nile's fresh water. Papyrus was thin, strong, durable and easy to carry. For thousands of years, there was nothing better for the purpose of writing.
Besides its use for producing a medium for writing purposes, papyrus was also used for building chairs, tables, and other furniture as well as for mats, baskets, sandals, etc. And the papyrus root was used as a source of food, medicine and perfume.
This website was primarily designed to help Bulgarian students to improve their English language skills. Over the years, the site has developed into a large resource of free reference materials, and now it attracts learners studying English as a Second Language (ESL) or English as a Foreign Language (EFL) from many different countries. Here you will find free online english lessons and english grammar, english tests, a collection of english idioms with their meanings, a list of common errors in english usage with the correct explanation and examples, english alphabet with pictures of animals and sound files, games and activities for ESL/EFL learners. Includes also poetry, lyrics, information and useful links for learning and teaching English.
role [roul](n) – a part in a play, movie or show played by a person
Tina played the role of the queen in our school play.
- a function played by a person, group or thing
Tom is playing a leading role in our team. Stone, metal, wood, clay, and papyrus have all played the role of a writing material at one time or another.
roll [roul](n) – a small piece of bread for one person: eaten plain, with butter, or as a light meal filled with cheese, meat, etc.
I'm very hungry, so I'm going to rub some butter all over this roll and eat it immediately.
- a list of names of people
Please, wait a minute. They are going to call the roll soon. The main form for the ancient works of literature was the papyrus roll.
roll (v) – to turn over and over (rolling down a hill)
The children were rolling down the hill when their mother arrived. The boy kicked the boll, it rolled and hit the wall.
- to turn something (for example paper) into a tube
The newspaper I bought this morning was folled. His grandfather rolled his own cigarettes.
- to rotate
The ballet dancer rolled so beautifully. The kids were laughing while the top was rolling on the floor.
English Grammar and Writing Tips
Using "Do" and "Make" Correctly
The verbs "do" and "make" are often confused because they seem similar. Actually, there are differences between them that must be noted.
We use “do” to show that an action or activity is being performed:
Sorry, I can't go out now. I'm doing my homework. (correct)
Sorry, I can't go out now. I'm making my homework. (incorrect!)
Steve is very busy. He is doing the report. (correct)
Steve is very busy. He is making the report. (incorrect!)
“Do” is used to describe an activity that you have to do repeatedly. It is important to remember that “do” contains an element of duty and responsibility.
• do exercises
• do the housework
• do the table - -> clean the table
• do the dishes - -> wash the dishes
• do the dusting
• do the laundry - -> clean the clothes
• do the ironing
• do the shopping
She does exercises every morning. (do exercises - -> take care of your body) (correct)
She makes exercises every morning. (incorrect!)
My wife does the laundry every Sunday. (correct)
My wife makes the laundry every Sunday. (incorrect!)
Some more expressions with “do”:
• do the exam
• do a course - -> take a course
• do a good//bad/excellent job
• do good/well/badly
• do your best
• do your work
• do business
• do some reading
• do dinner - -> have dinner
• do time - -> spend time
• do someone a favour
• do someone a good turn
• do your hair - -> style your hair
• do your nails - -> paint your nails
„Do“ is also used to talk about general, non-specific actions with the words everything, something, anything, nothing, etc.
They do everything they can for their son. (correct)
I'm going to do something special for my mother's birthday. (correct)
What do you do at the moment? If you do not do anything, please help me. (correct)
Kate is used to do everything by herself. (correct)
We use „make” to say that we create or produce something that didn't exist before:
The carpenter made an wonderful wooden door for our new house. (correct)
The carpenter did an wonderful wooden door for our new house. (incorrect!)
Remember also, that we use “make” to express actions we choose to do:
She usually makes her own clothes. (correct)
She usually does her own clothes. (incorrect!)
You can also say that someone makes a drink or a meal (make breakfast/lunch/dinner).
Donna has just made a cup of coffee for her boyfriend. (correct)
My mother made a cake for the party. (correct)
Could you make me a sandwich, please? (correct)
Every morning my wife makes breakfast for our children. (correct)
Here are some more expressions/idioms with “make”:
• make drawings - -> create drawings
• make a picture - -> create a picture
• make exercises --> create exercises (for students' homework)
• make the report --> create the report
• make plans - -> create plans
• make time - -> create time
• make the dishes --> create some dishes
• make money --> earn money
• make an appointment
• make friends
• make amends
• make a visit/trip/journey/tour
• make an offer/suggestion
• make a promise
• make a decision/choice
• make a mistake
• make a noise
• make a note
• make arrangements
• make reservations
• make an attempt
• make a point of (doing something) --> to be especially careful to do something
• make your point - -> state your oppinion clearly
• make a mess
• make a speech
• make an excuse
• make a phone call
• make a living
• make a diagnosis
• make peace/war
• make room --> provide space
• make up one's mind --> to decide
• make a bed --> spread out the sheets on the bed
• make do (with something) --> to use something as an alternative
Mike made a plan to start his own business. (correct)
Next year Taylor's family will make a tour around the world. (correct)
I think that they made the wrong decision. (correct)
Peter made a lot of mistakes on the test yesterday. (correct)
James made a reservation for a dinner at a small restaurant near his office. (correct)
Our new neighbors have been making a noise all day. (correct)
The cat entered the house and made a mess all over the kitchen. (correct)
This is the shortest speech he has ever made. (correct)
Tom tried many jobs to make his living. (correct)
Doctor Brown examined the patient and made the final diagnosis. (correct)
There are many fixed expressions with „do” and “make”. Unfortunately, they don't follow any specific rules, so you have to memorise them.
When someone is usure what action to take we use “do” to say that they do not know what to do:
He doesn't know what to do to solve the problem. (correct)
He doesn't know what to make to solve the problem. (incorrect!)
If someone forces you to do something, you can say that they make you do it:
Tom made me do it. (correct)
The parents made their child do it. (correct)
You've got to make them listen. (correct)
Keep in mind that in active sentences, we do not use a “to” - infinitive after “make”:
Tom made me to do it. (incorrect!)
The parents made their child to do it. (incorrect!)
You've got to make them to listen. (incorrect!)
However, in passive sentences you must use a “to”- infinitive:
He is made to finish his homework. (correct)
Once there was a millionaire who had a collection of live alligators. He kept them in a pool at the back of his mansion. The millionaire also had a beautiful daughter who was single. One day, he decides to throw a huge party. During the party he announces, "My dear guests, I have a proposition to every man here. I will give one million dollars or my daughter to the man who can swim across this pool full of alligators and emerge unharmed!" As soon as he finishes his last word, there is the sound of a large splash. The guests all turn to see a man in the pool swimming as fast as he can. They cheer him on as he keeps stroking. Finally, the swimming man makes it to the other side unharmed. The millionaire is so impressed, e says, "My boy, that was incredible! Fantastic! I didn't think it could be done! Well, I must keep my end of the bargain. Which do you want, my daughter or the one million dollars?" The man says, "Listen, I don't want your money. I don't want your daughter, either. I want the person who pushed me in that water!"